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1. The question of priority and the “ International Association for the archaeological and linguistic exploration of Central and East Asia ”
2. The Russians and the Germans : the question of exclusiveness
Documents from the Turfan-Akten
No1 : TA 29, note by Grünwedel, 26.09.1899
No2 : TA 900-919, copy of an application letter to the Prussian Ministry, February 1904 (extract)
No3 : TA 1023-1026, report by Grünwedel, 15.12.1904 (extract)
No4 : TA 1050-1053, circular of the German Committee, 27.02.1905 (extract = note by Grünwedel)
No5 : TA 5703, letter of the Russian Committee to the Imperial-Russian Committee (consulate) in Urumchi, 16.02.1905
No6 : TA 1054-1055, letter by Pischel to the Russian Committee (copy), 21.03.1905
No7 : TA 5708-5710 (copy = TA 1109-1112), letter of the Russian Committee to the German Committee, 14.04.1905
No8 : TA 3269, PS of the letter of Kokhanovskii to Lecoq, 17th May 1905 / TA 2489, copy of the P.S. of the letter of Kokhanovskii to Lecoq, 17.05.1905
No9 : TA 2488, note by Lecoq, 13.01.1909
No10 : TA 1296, letter from Oldenburg to Grünwedel, 26.08.1905
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In the course of the 19th century, the interests of the Russian Empire had extended far into the region called Turkestan, i.e. the areas from the Caspian to the Pamirs and those further east (Eastern Turkestan) known today as Xinjiang, which was officially part of the Chinese Qing Empire. Due to the weakened political power of the Chinese, the Russians started to exert an important political and military influence in this region during the last decades of the 19th century.
Today, Xinjiang is an autonomous region in the north-west of the People’s Republic of China covering an area of around 1.6 million square kilometres. Its topography is shaped by the great Taklamakan desert, which is intersected by two main roads spreading from the eastern to the western part of the desert. Along these routes, one can find fertile oases. From the beginning of the 1st century AD, these routes formed part of the so-called Silk Road connecting the Chinese Empire to the West. Due to an active transcont...
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Ingo Strauch, « Priority and Exclusiveness : Russians and Germans at the Northern Silk Road (Materials from the Turfan-Akten) », Études de lettres, 2-3 | 2014, 147-178.
Ingo Strauch, « Priority and Exclusiveness : Russians and Germans at the Northern Silk Road (Materials from the Turfan-Akten) », Études de lettres [En ligne], 2-3 | 2014, mis en ligne le 15 septembre 2017, consulté le 26 mars 2017. URL : http://edl.revues.org/676 ; DOI : 10.4000/edl.676 Haut de page